What is a Carbon Footprint?
A carbon footprint (also known as a greenhouse gas assessment) measures the greenhouse gas emissions from the life cycle of a product, the operations of a business, or the activities of a business or household. Carbon Coach assists organisations to prepare the carbon footprint of their operations, usually over a twelve month period.
Most carbon footprints measure emissions across three scopes of activity, as defined by the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, namely:
Scope 1: Direct emissions – This is principally fuel burned or site or in company owned vehicles but also includes what are referred to as fugitive emissions – the direct release of greenhouse gases by some equipment or process. Outside of manufacturing and mining, most organisations fugitive emissions are limited to leakage of refrigerant gas from air-conditioning systems.
Scope 2: Indirect emissions from electricity or steam.
Scope 3: Other indirect emissions. This includes travel in non-company owned vehicles, emissions from sub-contracted activities, flights, waste and a host of other sources which varies from business to business.